Discussion Paper on Strengthening Sanitation and Hygiene in the WASH Systems Conceptual Framework

WASH systems thinking has, over the years, been arguably more focused on water supply than sanitation and hygiene. GTO in close collaboration with Aguaconsult developed a discussion paper seeking to adapt systems concepts and conceptual frameworks to better represent sanitation and hygiene in the WASH conceptual framework.

The paper proposes an adapted conceptual framework for WASH systems, and suggests checklists that could be used to analyse the status of the WASH system. It also includes examples of systems strengthening for sanitation and hygiene across the nine proposed ‘building blocks’ of the WASH system.

The paper was undertaken as part of the Sustainable Services Initiative (SSI).